The project “Redescopera Turismul Monahal Valcean” (Rediscover the Monastic Tourism from Valcea) is a project financed by the Regional Operational Program, primary axis 5-Sustainable Development and Tourism Promotion, Major Intervention Domain 5.3- Promotion of the Tourism Potential and Creating the Necessary Infrastructure, with the scope of increasing the attractiveness of Romania as a touristic destination.
At the beginning of the present century and millennium, tourism appears as the most dynamic sector in the whole world, and, at the same time it is the most important source of new work places.
Nowadays monachism remains the most important and essential part of the Christian-orthodox belief, and the big monastic centers as Athos Mountain and Saint Ecaterina Monastery from Sinai pass through an important resurrection, from the view point of the number of monks who come here and from the view point of the spiritual life. As a consequence, the number of pilgrims increases and the reconstruction of many of the old monastic centers advances rapidly.
Taking as an example the great monastic centers mentioned above, we can say that our project will maintain the same principle of resurrection of the old holy places. Even if there is needed restoration work at some of the monasteries or sketes, these represent a touristic attraction for the visitors because many of the old monasteries are examples of lively inhabited locations and not just some damaged architecture.
We decided to implement this project based on the touristic potential of our zone, specifically taking into account the promotion of the ecumenical-cultural area, especially the Church “Adormirea Maicii Domnului”, Arnota Monastery, Bistrita monastery, Cornetu Monastery, Cozia Monastery, Dintr-un Lemn Monastery, Frasinei Monastery, Govora Monastery, Hurezi Monastery, Saracinesti Monastery, Stanisoara Monastery, Surpatele Monastery, Turnu Monastery, Turnu Monastery, Ostriv Skete, Pahomie Skete and Patrunsa Skete, because the number of tourists and pilgrims show increased potential and because the tourism of the area is poorly promoted.
The objective of our project is to promote and develop the tourism in order to increase the visibility of all the churches, sketes and monasteries and to raise the quality of the touristic services in our area. These represent an important factor in the regional and international promotion of all the places of interests in Romania and the development of the regional tourism.
Our project will have a great impact at the national level, because of the promotion and exploitation of the touristic potential from the area and the international promotion of the various places of interests in Romania and the development of the regional tourism.
The general objective of our project is to develop the tourism and to raise the visibility of the Prundeni county and the neighboring localities, by promoting all the 16 churches, monasteries and sketes from the area and by implementing specific marketing strategies.
The specific objectives of the project are:
Promotion of the touristic potential of the county and of the neighboring localities by increasing the visibility of all the churches, monasteries and sketes of the area, with the goal of spreading the tourism and monastic culture, having regional and international impact
Increasing with minimum 5%, the number of tourists in Prundeni county and neighboring localities by applying specific marketing and promotion actions
Increasing the visibility of the county Prundeni and of the neighboring localities by including the area in touristic tours
Maintaining and creating new work places as a result of increasing the tourism in the area
Increasing profits of the economic agents from the area by stimulating the visitors to spend.
The direct and indirect beneficiaries of the project from the economic, social and cultural perspectives are:
Residents of the county and the neighboring localities, who will beneficiate of new working places because of the economic growth of the agents and of the increasing living standards and they will be able to develop their business in the tourism area.
Tourist all around the country will hear about the area and will be familiarized with the touristic product through various channels as media channels, online marketing and outdoor advertising.
Economic agents from the county and neighboring localities who will register an increased level of profits.
The population, by promoting the values and by increasing the visibility of the region and the promotion of Romania as a touristic destination for foreigners.
Foreign tourists inside Romania as well as those who decide to visit Romania, through the implemented promotion will beneficiate of information about the holy places from our area, being able to know them better.
Although the present project is not part of a major investment initiative, being an independent project, it will definitely entail other investment projects by promoting and supporting the ecumenical tourism, by providing access to the sketes and monasteries from our area.
Specific Activities of the Project
Conducting marketing studies
Within the framework of this project will be conducted two marketing studies. The first one will reflect the best specialized fairs and exhibitions in which we will participate, and the second one will encompass the impact of the marketing strategies used for the promotion of the project’s objectives within the fairs and exhibitions during the development of the project.
Mass Media and outdoor promotion
The touristic objectives will be promoted by creating and distributing the advertising materials (touristic maps, CDs, brochures, flyers, calendars, postcards, guides, banners and posters) and by creating and distributing, at the regional and national level, various radio spots.
On-line promotion / Marketing by internet
The monastic tourism from the area will be promoted online by creating and posting the banners and by writing articles about the objectives of the project, which will be posted on specialized web sites.
Creation of a touristic portal
In order to create a unique identity in the online medium it will be developed a portal/ website which will contain information about the places of interest promoted within the project as well as the traditions, customs and monastic culture from the region. The portal/website will be constantly updated.
Participation to Fairs and Exhibitions
As the project will be implemented, the presence at the most important specialized fairs and exhibitions will be assured, with the goal to promote the objectives of the project and to increase the attractiveness of the region. In the end, reports about participation/ activity within these fairs and exhibitions will be presented.
Râmnic Diocese’s Infirmaries
The Celebration of 510 years of the Râmnic Dioceses’s documentary attestation, and 150 years after monasteries’ secularization, makes us bring out the current role of Vâlcea’s monasteries in various stages of history, given their possession and dispossession of properties, means through which they were able to help their Romanian society and people.
I. Christian Philanthropy: From infirmary to hospital
Hoping in human healing through word, grace and mercy from God, our monk forefathers also cared about the “clay pot “animated by asceticism monastic ritual. Monk life does not preclude treating the physical body, therefor the monasteries’ rulers, obeying the order of the Holly Fathers, organized infirmaries, places of treating sick monks, but especially of caring for elderly monks.
Christ led us to seek Him into the hungry, thirsty, strangers, naked, sick, imprisoned, because helping them we serve Him (Matthew 25, 31-46). The charitable establishment in a monastery was the rescue boat, carrying elders from the Church to “Heaven’s Shore” of divine kingdom.
The Romanian grate monasteries, being endowed with properties and goods, have developed the ability organizing socio - philanthropic activities and especially caring for elderly monks and sick people. From St. Vasile the Great (who founded, at the gates of the city in the year 369, the first hospital called "Vasiliada ") until today, many monasteries were defense fortresses, and cultural-social places.
The Romanian Monasteries, in addition to their spiritual - cultural and family role, served as places for health and care to the elderly and the sick monks from monastery’s territory range . From ancient times are known and attested by documents, the infirmaries from Putna, Neamţ, Argeş (1524 ), Bistriţa (Vâlcea, 1520-1521 ), Cozia ( 1542-1544 ), Vodiţa, Tismana Dragomirna (early seventeenth century ), Sadova (1691 - 1694), Hurezi (1696-1699) and many others, and their important medical and philanthropic role. It is sad to note that after the monasteries’ secularization, during the reign of Alexandru Ioan Cuza (1863), several monasteries in the country were transformed into hospices, nursing homes and prisons, and continued with this state also during communist regime.
This situation was found to Mamu Monastery, which, following the Decree 410/1959, lost 11 parish churches, and it was transformed into the parochial place and inside monastery’s sanctums was organized a home-hospital called "Care and Support Center for the elderly and chronically ill”, which operated until 2006. Through the same decree was abolished also Sărăcineşti Monastery, where the communist regime transformed the compound into "home-hospital for the elderly and chronically ill" despite the freedom gained by our Church in 1989. This improvised hospital continued to survive here until 2007. Râmnic Archdiocese contributed over the centuries to an intense and necessary social and philanthropic activity, both at the monastery‘s Diocesan Center and also for its historical and royal monasteries. In the following we will highlight the history of the Râmnic Archdiocese’s infirmary, limiting only to the space comprised in the current expanse of the diocese corresponding to Vâlcea County.
II. Râmnic Diocese infirmary
1 - Jgheaburi Hermitage infirmary
After research conducted by historians, the first infirmary organized in our country was the one from the Jgheaburi Hermitage (Jghiabul or Zghiabu) in Vâlcea County, founded by Radu Negru (c. 1377 - c 1383 ). The hermitage, with the church dedicated to the “Virgin Birth ", was established in the year 1310, and in 1640 during the reign of Matei Basarab, was restored by the chancellor Matei, then by Bishop Theofil, Bishops Ilarion and St. Antim Ivireanul.
2 -Bistrita Monastery infirmary
Bistriţa Monastery was founded by noblemen Craioveşti and especially ban Barbu Craiovescu (1497-1520). In its centuries of existence, the monastery was helped by many voivode who loved the church and people. Among these founders we mention Holly Voivode Neagoe Basarab (1512 - 1521) which offers many donations and supports painting the church (completed in 1519); Voivode Mihai Viteazul offers him Costeşti Village; Grand ban Preda Brâncoveanu restores the monastery; Voivode Matei Basarab supports the compound with charter, gifts and religious items; Saint Voivode Constantin Brâncoveanu restores the annexes, offers books, the big bell, the doors of the church and religious items; Lord Barbu Ştirbei (1849-1865) completes the restoration of the monastery (1855) started by Lord George Bibescu (1804-1873). The monastery’s infirmary was organized probably due to water sources in the area that had curative properties - some historians say. We believe, however, that was established by the presence of St. Gregory of Decapolis’s relics. It is regarded as “the oldest documented infirmary", built by the founder of the monastery, Barbu Craiovescu.
After founding Bistriţa Monastery (1492 - 1494), Barbu Craiovescu (now monk Pahomie) adorned it with a traesure of great price, the relics of St. Grigorie Decapolitul, brought here in 1497. Miracles maker and healer of diseases, St. Grigorie Decapolitul started being searched by many faithful people seeking spiritual and bodily health. His relics were carried in procession in different places of Oltenia (in 1942, Marshal Ion Antonescu, at the monastery’s request, donates a truck for processions) and Romanian Country, when people were haunted by contagious disease or in drought times. Such a procession was organized in 1765 by the Romanian Metropolitan Gregory II (1760-1787) when Bucharest was hit by a plague brought from Constantinopol. As outlined above, we believe that Bistriţa Monastery infirmary, the oldest documented establishment, was founded due to the presence of the relics of St. Grigorie Decapolitul (healer of diseases also during his earthly life). Certainly, we believe that many monks and sick Christians wanted to be around the holy relics in order to receive God's gifts of health and salvation.
Infirmary’s church dedicated to “Transfiguration”, was built by Barbu Craiovescu between 1520 - 1521, and had added a porch around 1700 - 1710, founded by Adriana Cantacuzino, Şerban Cantacuzino Governor 's wife , during the reign of Martir Saint Voivode Constantin Brâncoveanu, the porch’s painting being made by hieromonks Joseph and Hrantie of "Hurezi Brâncovenesque painting school". We remaind that founder Barbu Craiovescu’s portrait is stored in the infirmary’s church, with his face changed after his monasticism. The church’s patron, its size and the original painting in “deep spirituality meaning " led researchers to consider it " place of prayer for hesychasts monks", implying that the church was built before 1520. Certainly the infirmary’s church was surrounded by buildings where used to stay old and sick people, complex which was not part of the monastery. “From the documents of the XVI century - the XVIII century, which mention bodily and spiritual healings of people from outside, we note the healing of Jianu cupbearer’s son, suffering from “Thermolinico" (typhus). In another document of 1848, June 26, we find that Vâlcea city magistracy brings St. Grigorie Decapolitul relics to end cholera.
In commemoration documents we find thanks for healing thermolinico, epilepsy, psychopaths and plague. „The mild climate, both in summer and winter, fresh mountain air and the lack of cold currents, Bistriţa Monastery’s characteristics, constituted an appropriate environment for the organization of a seasonal sanatorium. In this sense, between 1872 and 1875, a nursing home was operating and dedicated for soldiers’ healing which suffering from various diseases. Therefore, in the monastery were housed and treated several hundred soldiers, some patients with eye disease. In mid-nineteenth century it seems that the infirmary was operating in the Egumenic house, which in year 1864 was in ruins. Also, here was operating Costeşti Village School (1866) and during Independence war (1877-1878), the monastery housed a military hospital organization where they the wounded Romanian soldiers from the front would be treated. But this measure was not limited to this, because in the monastery were brought over 500 Turkish prisoners. For the caring of the patients, were sent to Bistriţa several monks and nuns from other monasteries of the diocese and especially from Hurezi. After the rural hospitals law’s promulgation since 11 June 1881, it was forseen the organization of such medical institution in the monastery - it was instead an unfinished project. Same happened with the Sanatorium proposed by the Abbot Ghimnazie in 1902 an other medical establishments which remained just as project. Instead, it will be established “Teachers Orphanage" functioning between 1903 and 1908.
”In 1915 the Monastic Seminary already existed, children kindergarten (orphans living in the monastery), primary school, secondary school and several beginners workshops”. Bistriţa Monastery was the first monk monastery until 1948, when, by Decision of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, was converted into a convent. After the Decree 410/1959, it was to be abolished, being arranged here a "School complex for people with disabilities, which, because of poor organization, led to degradation of the facility till abolishment”. The monastery was reopened in 1984, when the communist state returned it to the diocese, being appointed as responsible Archimandrite Veniamin Micle. In 1992 nuns were brought here from Clocociov monastery. The infirmary’s church is the only remaining monument of the entire assembly founded by noblemen Craioveşti, the interior painting being restored between 2001and 2007 by the Department of Historical Monuments.
3 - Cozia Monastery infirmary
Founded by Voivode Mircea cel Bătrân, Cozia Monastery (1382 - 1386) had an important role in the spiritual and socio-political history of Romania. Olt Valley’s monastery, on the pathway between Muntenia and Oltenia to Transylvania, it is one of the oldest in the country and "one of the most important complex of Romanian medieval religious architecture and art”. The monastic settlement went through many tests, but despite unfavorable times, resisted throught God’s will. The monastery’s infirmary is old. Its church, dedicated to the "Holy Apostles", dates around 1542 - 1543, and it was founded by Voivode Radu Paisie (and wife Ruxandra), the soon in law of Saint Voivode Mircea cel Bătrân. As we can see even today, the distance between Mircea’s building and the infirmary’s church, shows that the infirmary is a separate assembly, with buildings around the church housing the elderly, sick monks and eventually the lay persons who came here for care and Christian end. The documents show that in the early twentieth century, there was a building called “Reception House” or “home for the received”. “The word "”received” in Oltenia is synonymous with crazy, troublesome.
This is important because, not in all documents, medical establishments were called infirmary; some are called "Reception house". In the infirmary’s church we find many figures of saints whose eyes are scratched; it is known that this habit is very common in our country, because the result of these "excoriations" mixed with breast milk or unstarted water, is used in eye diseases. In the monastery's museum there is an icon of St. Haralambie, the guardian against plague, in which he is represented, in popular style, mastering plague, and shows the reflection of the disease from that time".
After monasteries’ secularization in 1863, Cozia monastery enters in a state of decline, as in 1879 is converted into prison, penitentiary, that works until 1893. In the early twentieth century, through the financial support of the Church House Administration, restoration works were undertaken for the infirmary’s church: the roof was changed, new windows made of oak and iron were placed, the bell tower was strengthen. Cozia infirmary had a long life if we look at the monastery newer notes: "This establishment belongs since the beginning to Cozia the Holy Monastery, and in time, being crumbled in the years 1964-1965, it was renewed as seen”.
4 - Hurezi Monastery infirmary
The beautiful Hurezi Monastery, founded by Martyr Saint Voivode Constantin Brâncoveanu (1688 - 1714) between the years 1690 and 1697, also had infirmary, construction commenced prior to the completion of the big monastery, around 1696 and finished in 1699. During the life of the martyr founder, Hurezi Monastery became a powerful center of spirituality and Christian culture, as it was desired and supported by St. Constantin Brâncoveanu. Infirmary’s church dedicated to “Assumption of Mary” was founded by Mrs. Maria Brâncoveanu, wife of the Voivode, "for the good memory of his ancestors".
Since that time were kept several inscriptions and pisania that includes the following: "Wishing and following all the good deeds and blagocestenia Maria the enlightened lady, her husband Constantin Basarab, and as her husband and lord, the great church in honor of the great kings Saints Constantine and Helena, from the ground they built and embellished it, so his Majesty, in honor of God Virgin Mary and our Lady, have built this holy infirmary church, so that the forefathers’’ name would remain forever, in the day 21 of September year 7205 from the building of the world, in their 8th year of reign”. The Church’s construction plan is composed by altar, sanctuary and veranda, lacking narthex. The painting, completed in 1699, is authored by Preda and Nicolae, the paint being made during Ioan Abott’s times.
The Holy place suffered various damages by the Turks (1787-1788) and harsh times, but each time was restored. Located in monastery’s east side, the infirmary is neighboring the cemetery, convincing some historians to say that the church was only a sanctuary which served for funeral events. Other historians emphasizes that "the infirmary had profound humanitarian role, providing assistance not only for old and sick monks but also for other poor lay people in need". This results also from the excavations made in „the infirmary’s yard, where skeletons were found that were not buried according to typical monastic ritual (with brick under their heads and with wrapped robe), but according to the lay ritual (in the coffin)".
The presence in the monastery of the relics of saint healers Fevronia, Procopius and Pantelimon signifies the coming of the sick for healing. Therefore the infirmary had church, living rooms and all it’s needed for such a settlement. "The sanctums also have no inscription, but their way of building reminds us of Brâncovenesque era (1690-1694), when Hurez was built, being made the same as the sanctums, the only difference being that here, at the infirmary, there is no arched room, while in the monastery all the top row sanctums are made this way”. The properties (grape vineyards, forests, mills) donated to the monastery by Saint Voivode Constantin Brâncoveanu certainly helped monks to maintain the establishment. "The sanitary law from 1881 foresees the first organization of rural hospitals in Romania, which, until the construction of own buildings, operated in monasteries. As a result of this act, at the Hurezi monastery’s infirmary was installed a hospital with 40 beds for the patients of the surroundings“.
5 - One Wood (“Dintr-un Lemn”) Monastery infirmary
Monastic settlement, founded by enlightened Voivode Matei Basarab, governor Preda Brâncoveanu and saint Voivode Constantin Brâncoveanu, ruler Ştefan Cantacuzino (1714-1716), One Wood (Dintr-un Lemn) Monastery is one of the most precious jewelry of Romanian monastic adornments. The Monastery complex consists of the wooden church, the wall church, the cemetery, the Brâncovenesc Palace, museum and the sanctums. Currently is under construction a new, monumental, church. We don’t have many testimonies about an infirmary existing at One Wood Monastery, but certainly, around the miraculous icon of the Virgin Mary, was founded a charitable institution for suffering people.
Therefore, it is considered the testimony that the infirmary’s church was founded by Voivode Mircea Cioban’s daughter (1545-1554, 1558-1559) and Mrs Chiajna Ancuţa, the one who would have brought the Icon to One Wood Monastery. Virgin Mary’s historical icon image, miracles maker, existing in a nunnery, attracted many sick women, willing to heal. The wooden church has a rich history, being rebuilt several times, the current appearance, with small restorations, dating from 1814 (when it accidentally burned); among those who rebuilt the church over its existence, is included Constantin Iancu, son in law of Constantin Socoteanu († 1777), who due to his love for Virgin Mary, rebuilt the sanctuary after it burned. "Initially, the sanctums were surrounding the church from all sides. Even near the wooden church, until 1814, there was a housing complex for elderly and sick nuns. Over time were made several changes. Likelihood, at least the current foundations belong to Matei Basarab era”. Despite unfavorable times, the monastery found resources for monastic life, but also to help the poor and sick people. Considered protector of pilots and sailors of our country, Christ’s Mother gathers at One Wood Monastery honored who honor Church and love God. Among monastery’s founders is mentioned General Colonel Paul Teodorescu († 1981), former Minister of Air and Marine, who in the twentieth century rebuilt “One Wood” (Dintr-un Lemn) Monastery.
6 - Govora Monastery infirmary
Known throught the printing press built (after 1635) by Voivode Matei Basarab and his “Small Code of Laws" (1640), Govora Monastery dates, according to historians Giurescu, from Voivode Mircea cel Bătrân times. The main builder of the church is Voivode Radu the Great (1495-1508), the one who raised and embellished the church. Famous Literacy Centre in the 17th century, Govora monastery also had an infirmary built most probably during the time of abbot Ilarion (1728-1732), when a small church dedicated to St. John was built in the west of the main premises. In 1810, Govora Monastery, together with other monasteries (including Arnota), were appointed as metoc monasteries of "Sick Foreigners Hospital, established near Bucharest, near late Mavrogheni’s fountain, today Pantelimon, after the plague era during prince Caragea".
The documents state that all possessions of the monastery passed into the “custody of Foreigners Hospital”. The earthquake from 1829 affected Govora Monastery, along with its infirmary: "although it is recently built, as shown, but being placed under the shore and unsettled in vigorous grounds, has cracked in most places, as it is shown outside and will not be slow fall". The monastery was also damaged by other earthquakes in 1940, 1977 and 1986. From the beginning, it was a friary until 1959 (by Decree 410), when it became monastery of nuns. The small church was destroyed in the meantime and only the inscription kept in the museum mentions the infirmary’s existence.
7 - Râmnic Diocese’s infirmary
Eparchial Centre’s infirmary
Râmnic Diocesan’s Center also had a philanthropic-medical establishment. Writing about Râmnic Diocese’s history, Ghermano Dineata Archimandrite said regarding the infirmaries that they "usually were placed outside the enclosure, near old buildings that housed the old and ill staff, as well as those who had permanent employment in their community: cooks, housekeepers , caretakers and those with household tasks". The founder of the infirmary’s church is Bishop Clement (1735-1749), raising the sanctuary lasting between 1745 and 1746. The church was built as a ship with open porch, tower (which today no longer exists), wall iconostasis Byzantine style paintings.
At the entrance, above the door is written in stone the following inscription: "This holy and godly Church which is called Infirmary, in order to honor and celebrate the Assumption of the Virgin, is built from the foundation and labor and in all expense of his Holiness bishop Kir Climent, and also The Great Church, raised again by His Holiness, and paintings were adorned in the days of great Voivode Io Constantin Necolae. Steward being Spiridon Monk. Oc. leat 20 7254 (1745)”. Being arranged with houses and annexes, the diocese’s infirmary was the most important institution of its kind in the eighteenth century. Even if the infirmary’s houses were damaged by earthquakes and the fire of 1847, they “served as a hospital for Independence War’s wounded soldiers (1877-1878)”. In the infirmary’s houses was later organized "Church Singers School" and then became again sanctums.
St. Calinic from Cernica, when he was bishop of Râmnic (1850-1868), rebuilt the whole diocesan Centre affected by fire in 1847, also taking care of the infirmary and adjacent houses. Before becoming Bishop of Râmnic, when he was the abbot of Cernica Monastery, St. Calinic "built, around 1840, an infirmary in the monastery’s isle, dedicated to caring the sick monks". With joy we find that the the Eparchial Centre’s infirmary, today the old infirmary’s complex, is represented by the foundation of Bishop Climent (the curch) from the 18th century, also by the surrounding monastic houses. The assembly of monastic infirmaries from Râmnic Diocese represents the church’s interest for the bodily and spiritual health of monks and believers. Although it was not stated before, we should mention that the infirmaries also existed at Arnota, Frăsinei, Turnu or Surpatele, but unfortunately we don’t have more information.
Staying in the context of Râmnic Diocese philanthropic work, we will refer further on to Bishop Bartholomew Stănescu’s social and philanthropic work, who preached here between 1921and 1938. Romanian Orthodox bishop, with theological studies in the country and sociological, law and theological at Sorbonne, Bishop Bartholomew learned a lot about the social and philanthropic activities of Roman Catholic Church, ideas which he wanted to put into practice since the beginning of his helm in Râmnic.
He established "social Christianity" through which he wants to solve the social problems of the dioceses, basing on the Christian doctrine of the Church. Bishop Vartolomeu worked very well in social activities with Patriarch Justinian Marina, in that time a priest in Râmnicu Vâlcea, the patriarch taking inspiration in his future actions called “social apostolate”. Driven by what he saw in the West, Bishop Bartholomew “launched the idea that the Orthodox Church should undertake the social activity of the State”. The theoretical side of the social activities is concretized by the Hierarch of Râmnic in two volumes he published and in several studies and articles. It begins with “Short social Christianity trials”, Bucharest (1913) and continues with “The woman as social factor”, Râmnicu Vâlcea (1936), study that contains conferences dedicated to Christian women from the Dioceses aimed at their social - religious motivation to support the Church in its religious, cultural and social-philanthropic activities.
The message of this book being current, we reprinted it in 2011 under a new title "Women in the Church, the family and society”, with occasion of the “Homage Year of Baptism and Matrimony’s Sacrament" in Romanian Patriarchate. As for the practical point of view, Bishop Vartolomeu founded the society “Renaissance” had a magazine with the same name. In this society contributed all dioceses’ priests, in order to revive and animate Christian family’s life from the moral, cultural and social point of view. “Vartolomeu immediately took the initiative of regenerating the dioceses through establishment of “moralizing advices”, parochial centers, cultural settlements and missionary works. Each parish needed to have a library at the disposal of the faithful, church choir, canteen for the poor, and had to organize conferences or settlements. The priests had to be perfected in the so called parochial circles. Funding for social activities of the Church came mostly from its own resources.”
He established various taxes for the priests with disciplinary charges, founded o printing house at Cozia Monastery (1927-1934), a Singers School and re-established Theological Seminary St Nicholas for the preparation of future priests.
A brave step was the establishment of “Priests’ popular banks” inside the cooperative system, through which was ensured the money for the old priests or ones who were in need, also for financing social canteens or other activities. All these necessary, beautiful and fruitful activities ended with the forced retirement, caused by sickness, of Bishop Vartolomeu, in 1938. The administrative changes through which Râmnic Dioceses went (its abolition in 1939 and establishment of Oltenia, Râmnic and Severin Metropolitan Church, based in Craiova, 1939-1945), as well as the communist regime, didn’t allow the continuation of the social-philanthropic actions. Only after 1989 these activities were restarted, under the shepherding of His Eminence Gerasim, Archbishop of Râmnic.
At the Diocesan Center was arranged a medical (dental) office with social ramifications, a social canteen that ensured food for 80 poor and sick persons, in the parishes were founded associations and foundations cu social-philanthropic role, and, in partnership with the Dioceses, develops such activities with various foundations (such as Foundation “Heart for heart”) and associations (such as “Christian Orthodox Women League”).
The medical and social-philanthropic extend of today’s Romanian Orthodox Church has therefore its roots in the merciful work of old centuries monasteries’ servants, and continues through the parishes and the monastic settlements, creating a holly bond towards accomplishing the word of Jesus Christ: “True I tell to you, because you made to one of these brothers of Mine, too small, you made to Me” (Mathew 25, 40).
† Emilian Lovişteanul Episcop Vicar al Arhiepiscopiei Râmnicului
† Gherasim Cristea, Episcopul Râmnicului, Istoria Eparhiei Râmnicului, Edit. Conphys, Râmnicu Vâlcea, 2009, p. 387.
Ibidem, p. 394.
Pr. Ion Vicovan, Da•i-le voi s• m•nânce, • lantropia cre•tin• – istorie •i spiritualitate, Edit. Trinitas, Ia•i, 2001, p. 145.
Comuna Prundeni a participat la Târgul de Turism al Olteniei editia a III-a, cu doua proiecte: „Redescoperă turismul monahal Vâlcean”, SMIS: 26832 si “Drumul Vinului Valcean” SMIS: 26833 -proiecte finantate prin Programul Operaţional Regional 2007-2013, Axa prioritara 5 – Dezvoltarea durabilă şi promovarea turismului; Domeniul major de intervenţie 5.3 – Promovarea potenţialului turistic şi crearea infrastructurii necesare în scopul creşterii atractivităţii României ca destinaţie turistică.
In perioada 13-15 OCTOMBRIE, CRAIOVA, am participat la TARGUL DE COMERT AL OLTENIEI LA CENTRULMULTIFUNCTIONAL CRAIOVA , eveniment ce a construit timp de 4 zile realitatea Comertului autohton si de peste hotare
TARGUL DE COMERT AL OLTENIEI 21-23 OCTOMBRIE 2016 CRAIOVA
In perioada 21-23 OCTOMBRIE, CRAIOVA, am participat la TARGUL DE COMERT AL OLTENIEI LA CENTRULMULTIFUNCTIONAL CRAIOVA , eveniment ce a construit timp de 3 zile realitatea Comertului autohton si de peste hotare.
Comuna Prundeni participa cu un stand la Târgul Regional de Turism “Vacanța“ Bacău în perioada 20-22 martie 2015 la Centrul de Afaceri şi Expoziţii “Mircea Cancicov” Bacău. Comuna Prundeni, promoveaza cele 2 proiecte aflate in perioada de sustenabilitate: Redescopera Turismul Monahal Valcean, cod Smis 26832 Drumul Vinului Valcean, cod Smis 26833 Evenimentul este organizat de catre SC Centrul de Afaceri şi Expoziţonal Bacău SA si Asociatia Natională a Agenţiilor de Turism (ANAT).
Muzeul National al Satului "Dimitrie Gusti" a gazduit cea de-a doua editie a competitiei "Satul Cultural al Romaniei"
Vineri,13 martie 2015, Muzeul Național al Satului ”Dimitrie Gusti” a găzduit cea de-a doua ediție a competiției ”Satul Cultural al României”, un concurs menit să promoveze imaginea satelor românești, inițiat de Asociaţia Cele Mai Frumoase Sate Din România. Comuna Prundeni, a participat cu o echipa extraordinara avandu-l in frunte pe inimosul primar social-democrat Ion Horia Horăscu (foto stânga), care este un mare iubitor de cultura, dupa cum stim déjà cu toti, de foarte mult timp, si care a depus eforturi si a realizat de-a lungul timpului, deosebite si unice evenimente culturale, Ionut Calin-Viceprimarul Comunei Prundeni, Domnica Marcusi- Dir. Ateneul Satesc, Prof. Elena Toader- Dir. Sc. Prundeni, Ionut Gete-Inspector la Centrul de Informare si Promovare Turistica Prundeni, Prof. Constantin Rosianu, Marian Florea- administrator public al comunei Prundeni -Presedintele Asociatiei Administratorilor Publici din Romania, Marioara Comiza, Ecaterina Radescu, Carmen Stanescu si Mihaela Walter. Fiecare comuna a prezentat un program cultural compus din minimum 5 evenimente , program prezentat de primarul comunei si de directorul Caminului Cultural (festivaluri, sărbători, expoziţii, concursuri, simpozioane etc.) si a amenajat un stand de prezentare cu cele mai frumoase obiecte de patrimoniu, cu produse traditionale specifice locului: mere, prune uscate, dulcețuri, plăcintă, cozonac și țuică, inclusiv costume populare superbe. Comuna Prundeni, a avut cel mai frumos stand de prezentare, dupa spusele unor specialisti, cu produse traditionale, specifice zonei noastre: sarmale in dovleac, tuica, praz, malai, celebrul vin de Prundeni, vinul Cramei Stirbei, obiecte din lada de zestre: velinte, oale, opinci, frumoasele costume populare oltenesti, avand o vechime de sute de ani, etc…precum si rapsodul popular, Sabin Ungureanu, care a incantat vizitatorii standului prin cantul autentic cu naiul si fluierul. Standul com. Prundeni, s-a bucurat de vizita domnului Ambasador Extraordinar Plenipotentiar: E.S. Dl. Dan Ben-Eliezer, ambasadorul Statului Israel, care a degustat din bucatele traditionale si a fost impresionat de costumele populare purtate de fetele din standul nostru si de obiectele expuse. Localităţile participante au dat dovadă de pasiune, perseverenţă şi efort permanent în păstrarea şi promovarea meşteşugurilor, a tradiţiilor, obiceiurilor şi sărbătorilor cu care se mândresc. Publicăm alăturat şi scrisoarea de multumire adresată primarului Comunei Prundeni, Ion Horia Horăscu, de către Nicolae Marghiol, preşedintele executiv al AFSR: “In calitate de organizator al concursului national SATUL CULTURAL AL ROMANIEI 2015 doresc sa va adresez multumiri, felicitari si recunstinta mea pentru aportul adus de catre dumneavoastra in pastrarea si promovarea valorilor culturale ale tarii noastre. Vineri 13 martie 2015, a fost o sarbatoare a satului romanesc si a culturii, programul artistic, mesterii populari, bucatele traditionale fiind in centrul atentiei invitatilor la eveniment. Efortul depus de echipa primariei pentru derularea proiectelor culturale este exceptional, avand in vedere fondurile insufiecente. Dar iata ca pasiunea dumneavoastra pentru frumos, pentru patrimoniu, fac ca Romania sa infloreasca si sa traiasca cultural. Precum ati observat toti participantii au considerat la finalul concursului ca avem un singur mare castigator si anume cultura si satul romanesc. Va asigur ca vom prom ova programele culturale ale satelor finaliste si vom intreprinde mereu demersuri pe langa ministerele de resort si parteneri sa sprijine eforturile dumneavoastra in promovarea patrimoniului cultural. Trebuie sa stiti ca juriul a apreciat prezentarile comunelor candidate, standurile pe care frumos le¬ati amenajat ca niste mici muzee. Punctajele oferite de juriu sunt mari si reflecta munca depusa, toate comunele au primit peste 2000 de puncte. Primele 3 locuri au fost ocupate de Jurilovca judetul Tulcea) care a fost desemnat Satul Cultural al României 2015 – 2329 puncte, Cumpana judelul Constanta) – 2321 puncte şi Drăguş (judetul Brasov) – 2308 puncte.”, se arată în textul respectivului document. Mai trebuie spus şi faptul că Setul Cultural Al României este un program AFSR lansat în ianuarie 2014, sub patronajul Ambasadei Franţei în România, cu scopul de a promova patrimoniul cultural şi turistic din satele româneşti. Programul și Procedura de jurizare de vineri, 13 martie 2015, s-a derulat după următorul program prestabilit cu atenţie: 11.30 Muzeul Satului din București, București; 12.00 Amenajarea standurilor; 12.30 Prezentarea programului și a comunelor candidate; 12.45 Prezentare candidaturilor – 10 minute/comună. Fiecare candidatură este susținută de Dna/Dl Primar și de către Dna/Dl Director al Centrului Cultural / persoana desemnată. Candidatura se prezintă în echipa de 2 persoane, cu un document suport in format Powerpoint/video. Având în vedere formularul de jurizare, comunele sunt invitate să parcurgă domeniile de jurizare prezente în formular. 15.00 Vizitarea standurilor comunelor candidate – fiecare comună este invitată să amenajaze un stand care face parte din etapa de jurizare – 10 puncte. Fiecare comuna va prezenta în mod obligatoriu un produs culinar specific (produs simbol – vin, palincă, dulceață, etc). 15.30 Jurizarea.16.30Anunțare câștigător
In perioada 6-8 martie 2015, a avut loc manifestarea expozitionala “Targul de Turism “Vacanta”, desfasurata la Constanta in Complexul Maritimo Shopping Center
In perioada 6-8 martie 2015, a avut loc manifestarea expozitionala “Targul de Turism “Vacanta”, desfasurata la Constanta in Complexul Maritimo Shopping Center Constanta. In cadrul acestei manifestari expozitionale, in calitate de beneficiar al proiectului “Drumul vinului Valcean”SMIS 26833, Comuna Prundeni a fost prezenta cu un stand de promovare unde au fost distribuite materiale publicitare, in vederea sustenabilitatii si atingerii obiectivului principal si a obiectivelor specifice ale proiectului sus amintit, si anume dezvoltarea turismului si cresterea vizibilitatii Comunei Prundeni si a localitatilor limítrofe, prin promovarea vinului. Prin materialele publicitare realizate in cadrul proiectului si distribuite la aceasta manifestare este promovat turismul viticol, traditiile in comuna Prundeni si in localitatile limítrofe, artele viticole. De asemenea, in calitate de beneficiar al proiectului “Redescopera Turismul Monahal Valcean”SMIS 26832, , Comuna Prundeni a fost prezenta cu un stand de promovare unde au fost distribuite materiale publicitare, in vederea sustenabilitatii si atingerii obiectivului principal si a obiectivelor specifice ale proiectului sus amintit, si anume cresterea turismului in zona, prin promovarea celor 16 schituri, manastiri si biserici la nivel national si international si implicit cresterea numarului de turisti si atractivitatea mediului de afaceri in acest domeniu si alte domenii conexe. Prin materialele publicitare realizate in cadrul proiectului si distribuite la aceasta manifestare sunt promovate 16 schituri si manastiri din Comuna Prundeni si din zonele invecinate, si anume, Biserica „Sfintii Voievozi”(Adormirea Maicii Domnului), Manastirea dintr-un Lemn, Manastirea Cozia, Manastirea Hurezi, Schitul Ostrov, Manastirea Bistrita, Manastirea Turnu, Manastirea Stanisoara, Schitul Pahomie, Schitul Iezer, Manastirea Govora, Manastirea Frasinei, Schitul Patrunsa, Manastirea Saracinesti, Manastirea Surpatele, Schitul Cornetu si Manastirea Arnota.
TOURISTICA 22-24 NOIEMBRIE CLUJ-NAPOCA In perioada 22-24 noiembrie, la Cluj-Napoca a avut loc Targul de Turism Touristica editia a IX-a de iarna, eveniment organizat de catre Libero Events. La o saptamana dupa Targul de Turism al Romaniei de la Bucuresti, agitatia si febra vacantelor s-a mutat la Cluj unde fiecare dintre cei prezenti s-au intrecut in oferte si reduceri. La acest eveniment au fost prezenti 57 de expozanti :agentii de turism, hoteluri, pensiuni, asociatii, localitati si zone finantate prin programe REGIO printre care s-a numarat si Comuna Prundeni care a promovat proiectul "Redescopera Turismul Monahal Valcean" SMIS 26832. S-au inregistrat in jur de 12.000 de vizitatori conform datelor Libero Events, o prezenta destul de consistenta.
TARGUL DE TURISM "BURSA LITORAL-DELTA DUNARII 2014" CONSTANTA 03 SEPTEMBRIE 2013 Asociația pentru Promovarea și Dezvoltarea Turismului LITORAL – DELTA DUNĂRII a organizat cea de-a VII – a editie a TÂRGUL de TURISM BURSA LITORAL – DELTA DUNĂRII 2014, pe 3 septembrie, la Pavilionul Expozițional Constanta.
TARGUL DE TURISM EXPO VACANTA 18-20 APRILIE 2013 PLOIESTI Cea de-a VI-a ediţie a Târgului de Turism EXPO VACANŢA, s-a desfăşurat în perioada 18-20 aprilie 2013, la Palatul Culturii din Ploieşti. Comuna Prundeni a participat la acest eveniment in scopul promovarii celor 16 biserici, schituri si manastiri prezentate in cadrul proiectul "Redescopera turismul monahal valcean".
TARG DE TURISM "ESTIVAL" ARAD In perioada 18-21 Aprilie 2013, Expo Arad International a organizat a 9-a editie a targului "ESTIVAL", targ de turism si petrecere a timpului liber. Targul de turism ESTIVAL este un eveniment important pentru industria turistica, care si-a propus sa reuneasca firme de profil, organizatii si asociatii, agentii de turism si tour-operatori, companii aeriene, institutii culturale care sa promoveze, intr-un cadru profesionist, potentialul turistic al Romaniei si nu numai.
TARG INTERNATIONAL DE TURISM BAIA MARE 5-7 APRILIE 2013 Editia de vara a acestui eveniment s-a desfasurat in perioada 5-7 aprilie 2013, standurile participantiilor fiind amplasate la etajul I al centrului comercial Gold Plaza. Expozantii au fost atat din tara, cat si din strainatate, ofertele si promotiile oferite fiind foarte avantajoase, dupa cum au relatat organizatorii.
Transylvania Tourism Fair 29 - 31 martie 2013, Brasov editia a VI- a Patronatul A.N.A.T. a organizat, la Brasov, cea de a VI-a editie a ”Transylvania Tourism Fair” (TTF) in perioada 29-31 martie 2013, in locatia Brasov Business Park. Brasov Business Park a fost inaugurat ca centru expozitional in anul 2011, in luna mai cu TTF editia a IV-a. TTF, ca parte integranta a Calendarului Targurilor ANAT 2013, s-a adresat autoritatilor si asociatiilor profesionale din turism, agentiilor de turism si touroperatorilor, statiunilor turistice, complexelor balneare, hotelurilor si companiilor hoteliere, pensiunilor, cabanelor, campingurilor, editurilor si publicatiilor din turism, bancilor si societatilor de asigurari, companiilor aeriene si altele.Evenimentul a beneficiat de o mediatizare corespunzatoare (presa scrisa si televiziune) iar pe parcursul acestuia s-au organizat o serie de concursuri, mese rotunde / dezbateri pe teme de interes general, evenimente.
TARGUL DE TURISM TOURISTICA 22-24 MARTIE 2013 Cea de-a opta editie a Târgului de Turism Touristica din Cluj-Napoca, s-a desfasurat in perioada 22-24 martie 2013 la Polus Center Cluj-Napoca. Pe parcursul celor 3 zile de targ, cei 70 de expozanti printre care s-a numarat si Comuna Prundeni, au promovat diverse destinatii atat din tara cat si din strainatate, oferte pentru turism de aventura, turism de tratament, turism cultural si de business dar nu in ultimul rand turism monahal promovat de Comuna Prundeni in cadrul proiectul "Redescopera turismul monahal valcean".
TARGUL DE TURISM AL ROMANIEI 14-17 MARTIE 2013 ROMEXPO BUCURESTI Între 14 şi 17 martie 2013, în Complexul Expoziţional ROMEXPO a avut loc cea de-a XXIX-a ediţie a Târgului de Turism al României. In perioada 08-10 martie, a avut loc, la Expo Transilvania, cea de-a IV-a editie a Târgului De Vacante, cel mai mare târg turistic din Transilvania. Târgul s-a bucurat anul acesta de încheierea unui parteneriat de promovare cu ANAT si de încrederea acordată de către cea mai mare asociatie patronală din turismul românesc care a selectat în acest an Târgul De Vacante ca partener la Cluj. Expo Transilvania, cel mai mare spatiu expozitional din Cluj-Napoca, a oferit 3500 mp de spatiu dedicat diverselor standuri de promovare turistică printre care s-a numarat si cel al Comunei Prundeni prezent la acest targ de turism cu proiectul "Redescopera Turismul Monahal Valcean".
TARGUL DE VACANTE 08-10 MARTIE 2013 CLUJ-NAPOCA In perioada 08-10 martie, a avut loc, la Expo Transilvania, cea de-a IV-a editie a Târgului De Vacante, cel mai mare târg turistic din Transilvania. Târgul s-a bucurat anul acesta de încheierea unui parteneriat de promovare cu ANAT si de încrederea acordată de către cea mai mare asociatie patronală din turismul românesc care a selectat în acest an Târgul De Vacante ca partener la Cluj. Expo Transilvania, cel mai mare spatiu expozitional din Cluj-Napoca, a oferit 3500 mp de spatiu dedicat diverselor standuri de promovare turistică printre care s-a numarat si cel al Comunei Prundeni prezent la acest targ de turism cu proiectul "Redescopera Turismul Monahal Valcean".
TARG DE TURISM BACAU 01-03 MARTIE 2013 Camera de Comerţ şi Industrie Bacău a organizat în perioada 1 martie – 3 martie, la Central Plaza Bacău un TÂRG DE TURISM. La ediţia de primăvară a acestui eveniment, pe o suprafaţă de expunere de peste 1.200 mp, au fost prezente peste 60 de firme din toată ţara, care si-au prezentat oferta în domeniul turistic. S-a estimat un număr de peste 4.000 de vizitatori interesaţi de tematica acestui eveniment.
COMUNA PRUNDENI, judetul Valcea a fost prezenta la urmatoarele targuri de turism in vederea promovarii obiectivelor din cadrul proiectului „REDESCOPERA TURISMUL MONAHAL VALCEAN”, cod SMIS 26832:
1. TARGUL DE TURISM SHOP-UL DE VACANTA - TIMISOARA 09-11 NOIEMBRIE 2012
2. TARGUL DE TURISM AL ROMANIEI – ROMEXPO BUCURESTI 15-18 NOIEMBRIE 2012
3. TARGUL DE TURISM BACAU – 23-25 NOIEMBRIE 2012
4. TARGUL DE TURISM BACAU – 01-03 MARTIE 2013
5. TARGUL DE VACANTE – EXPO TRANSILVANIA- CLUJ NAPOCA 08-10 MARTIE 2013
6. TARGUL DE TURISM AL ROMANIEI – ROMEXPO BUCURESTI 14-17 MARTIE 2013
7. TARGUL DE TURISM TOURISTICA - CLUJ NAPOCA 22-24 MARTIE 2013
8. TARGUL TRANSILVANIA TOURISM FAIR - BRASOV 29-31 MARTIE 2013
9. TARGUL DE TURISM BAIA MARE 05-07 APRILIE 2013
Standul Comunei Prundeni a fost vizitat de un numar mare de vizitatori interesati de obiectivele promovate in cadrul proiectului, atrasi fiind de materialele de promovare distribuite, in special de filmul cu prezentarea obiectivelor promovate ce rula pe ecranul special amenajat in cadrul standului. Vizitatorii standului apartin diverselor categorii: turisti romani sau straini, locuitori ai oraselor respective, locuitori din alte zone ale tarii, reprezentanti ai firmelor de turism sau agentii de turism. De asemenea persoanele ce au trecut prin standul nostru apartin diverselor categorii de varsta, studii, sex, situatie familiala si venituri lunare, conform chestionarelor completate la aceste evenimente.
COMUNA PRUNDENI a fost prezenta la editia a 7-a a TARGULUI DE TURISM TOURISTICA vezi mai mult.
Preserve, conserve, perpetuate traditions and resources!